Court of Appeals of Kentucky.
Martin Vs. Board of Education
ACTION: Affirmed

225 Ky. 212
Court of Appeals of Kentucky.
MARTIN, County Judge,
June 22, 1928.

Martin seeks relief from an injunction. The appellee, Wyatt, filed this petition against Martin in the circuit court:

"Plaintiff says that he is a citizen and resident of Knox county, Ky.; that there is pending in the Knox quarterly court an action against him charging him with uttering and issuing a 'cold check' in the sum of $25. The defendants are undertaking to, in violation of law in such cases made and provided, put the defendant to trial on said action on tomorrow, April 7, 1928, plaintiff herein, and he will unless injunction issue from this court against the defendant preventing him from so doing. Defendant there (plaintiff here) has not voluntarily submitted to the jurisdiction of the defendant herein and he objects to the said defendant trying him on said action in the Knox quarterly court. Under the Constitution of Kentucky and the Constitution of the United States, the said defendant as judge of the Knox quarterly court has no legal right to sit and preside on the trial of criminal cases, and the plaintiff here now asks the court to grant to him an injunction against the defendant. Plaintiff will suffer irreparable injury unless injunction issue; he has sought none heretofore from this or any other court. Plaintiff adopts the allegations of the first paragraph of the petition herein, in so far as same is pertinent, and says that there is another action pending in said court for breach of the peace, and he objects to said action being tried in said court by defendant or any one else as judge of said court. Copy of said act of 1928 giving jurisdiction to county judges is hereto attached marked A as part hereof.

Wherefore he prays that this court issue an injunction against the defendant John D. Martin as county judge, enjoining and restraining him from proceeding to try this plaintiff herein on a criminal action pending in the Knox quarterly court in which he is charged with uttering a 'cold check' in the sum of $25, and any and all other criminal actions, and for all proper relief; and the said action for breach of the peace."

Wyatt was mistaken about the relief he wanted. He prayed for an injunction, but what he wanted was a writ of prohibition, and we have so treated the matter.

Martin's demurrer to this petition was overruled, and this order entered: "It is now ordered by the court that the defendant as county judge of Knox county be and he is enjoined perpetually from trying the plaintiff herein on the charge of uttering a 'cold check' in the sum of $25, and from trying the defendant under the charge of the breach of the peace, for the reason that the court is of the opinion and so holds that Senate Bill 153 undertaking to give jurisdiction to county judges, fixing fees, salaries, etc., is unconstitutional and void in toto."

The judgment, in so far as it enjoined Martin from conducting an examining trial of Wyatt upon the felony charge, is reversed, with directions to dissolve the injunction and dismiss the petition. In so far as it enjoined and prohibited Martin from trying Wyatt upon the breach of the peace charge, the judgment is affirmed.
The whole court sitting.

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