|22 Ky.L.Rptr. 275, 108 Ky. 568|
|Court of Appeals of Kentucky.|
|JOHNSON v. CATRON et al.|
The controversy herein between appellant and appellees arose on an answer and cross petition of appellant in an equitable action pending in the Knox circuit court. The issue presented is as to the ownership of certain town lots in Barbourville. Appellant claims title derived through an execution sale made March 28, 1892, by the coroner of Knox county. The action, which proceeded to judgment against a sheriff and his sureties by the commonwealth on the revenue bond, was filed May 28, 1889. Judgment was rendered February 20, 1890. The execution came to the officer's hands January 28, 1892, and was levied and sale made. The property levied on under the execution was that of James T. Gibson, a surety on the sheriff's bond. Appellees' title is derived from Gibson, through a mortgage executed in September, 1889, to secure an indebtedness of Gibson, upon which mortgage an action was instituted in August, 1891, and sale made under decree on January 25, 1892, three days before the execution came to the hands of the officer, through which appellant claims title. The sale under the decree was confirmed and deed made. It thus appears that appellees' title antedates that of appellant, if the title of appellant is confined to the execution levy of January 28, 1892. The purchase price paid by appellees appears to have been full value,--over $1,000,--while the price paid by appellant was nominal, only $3.80. It is insisted by appellant that his title relates back to the 28th day of May, 1889, the date of the filing of the action by the commonwealth against the sheriff and his sureties, including Gibson, by reason of section 9, art. 11, c. 92, Gen. St., as follows: "Judgments in the name of the commonwealth against sheriff and other public collectors, their sureties, or the heirs, devisees or personal representatives of any of them, shall bind the estate, legal or equitable, of all the defendants to said judgments from the commencement of the action or motion till satisfied." There is no pretense that the judgment against the sheriff and Gibson attempted to adjudge a lien on the property of Gibson in favor of the commonwealth, as provided by the statute supra; but the judgment was simply in personam, and awarded execution. The court below on trial, on the admitted and agreed facts, adjudged that the appellant by his purchase required only a lien for the amount of his bid and 10 per centum, as provided by statute, and that the property belonged to appellees. From that judgment this appeal is prosecuted. We need not discuss the effect of section 9, quoted supra, as it appears not to have been proceeded under in the action by the commonwealth.
We are of the opinion that the claim of appellant arose out of the levy of the execution, and his title cannot antedate January 28, 1892, when the execution came to the hands of the coroner of Knox county. By section 1, art. 2, c. 38, Gen. St., it is provided, "A writ of fieri facias shall bind the estate of the defendant only from the time the same is delivered to the proper officer to execute." There is no provision of the law that will create a lien by execution as of any other date than as above provided; nor is there any provision, so far as we are advised, by which a statutory lien can be enforced under an execution. The usual mode to enforce statutory liens is by a judgment and decree and sale thereunder by the court's commissioner. In the proceeding against the sheriff and Gibson, the commonwealth elected to take execution, instead of adjudging a lien; and a sale under that execution cannot be held to relate back beyond the date it came to the officer's hands. Being of opinion that there is no error in the judgment appealed from, the same is affirmed.
JOHNSON v. CATRON et al.
57 S.W. 13, 22 Ky.L.Rptr. 275, 108 Ky. 568
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