Appeal from Circuit Court, Knox County
Flowers Vs. Commonwealth
ACTION: Rehearing Denied
Court of Appeals of Kentucky.
FLOWERS
v.
COMMONWEALTH.
April 25, 1939.
Rehearing Denied June 20, 1939.

CAMMACK, Justice.
The appellant, John Flowers, is appealing from a judgment on a verdict under which he was convicted of aiding and abetting in the commission of the crime of manslaughter, and sentenced to serve two years in the penitentiary. He and Bill Brown were indicted jointly for the wilful murder of Jess Browning. Brown was tried first and was convicted of murder and sentenced to life imprisonment.
Reversal is urged because
(1) the trial court erred in overruling the appellant's motion for a peremptory instruction at the conclusion of the evidence offered by the Commonwealth, and also in overruling a like motion at the conclusion of all the evidence;
(2) the verdict is flagrantly against both the law and the evidence; and
(3) the court erred in not giving instructions on the whole law of the case.

Browning was killed by Brown during the afternoon of December 12, 1937, in the recreation hall of the Kay Jay Coal Camp in Knox County. There were a number of people present in the hall at the time of the shooting. Brown and Browning first had an argument over some hamburgers at the hamburger stand in the hall. They left this place and walked a short distance to a counter where the cash register was located. Browning stopped there and Brown crossed the hall (a distance of some 15 or 20 feet) where he took a pistol out of the right hip pocket of John Flowers. Brown then went directly back across the hall with the gun in his hand to the place where Browning was standing with his back toward him. Browning turned about the time that Brown reached him and during the scuffle which followed three shots were fired, the last one fatally wounding Browning. There is no showing that there had been any difficulty between Brown and Browning, or Browning and Flowers, prior to the time the argument took place at the hamburger stand.

Several witnesses testified for the Commonwealth to the following effect: When Brown left Browning near the cash register, he walked directly across the hall to the place where Flowers was standing. Flowers had been sitting in a booth near where he was standing when Brown approached him. Brown placed his hand on Flowers' shoulder. Flowers smiled and said something to Brown and pulled back his coat, thereby exposing the pistol in his right hip pocket.

One witness testified that Flowers said to Brown, "Make him give 'em up." "Another witness testified that he had seen Flowers and Brown go into the back of the hall about five minutes before Brown and Browning had their first argument. Flowers testified that he got up out of the booth for the purpose of getting a match out of his pocket with which to light a cigarette, and that in putting his hand into his pocket to get the match his coat was pulled back so that the pistol became visible and that Brown jerked it out of his pocket and went back across the hall toward the place where Browning was standing. He testified also that he was so amazed and astonished, and that such a short time elapsed between the time Brown got the gun and when the shooting started, that he did not do anything toward recovering the pistol.

Brown testified that he had not had any difficulty with Browning prior to the argument at the hamburger stand; that he had not talked with Flowers before the shooting started; that he did not know that Flowers had a gun until he saw him pull his coat back as if he were feeling for a match in his pocket; that he grabbed the gun out of Flowers' pocket; that no conversation took place between them at the time; and that he was about two feet from Flowers when he first saw the gun.

In view of this testimony and the circumstances pertaining to the case, we are of the opinion that it would have been error for the trial court to have given a peremptory instruction in favor of John Flowers either at the conclusion of the evidence offered by the Commonwealth or at the conclusion of all the evidence. There was sufficient evidence to warrant the submission of the case to the jury on the question as to whether or not Flowers aided and abetted Brown in the murder of Browning. It was for the jury to determine whether they believed the witnesses for the Commonwealth or those for the appellant as to how Brown got the gun from Flowers. Apparently, they gave more weight to the testimony of the witnesses for the Commonwealth.



    

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